Connecticut Facts

Capital: Hartford

Area: 5,543 square miles, ranks 48th of 50 U.S. states

Population: 3,596,080 (U.S. Census, 2013)

Settled: 1633, one of the 13 original colonies

Counties/Towns: 8/169


Fairfield: Is 30 miles of beautiful coastline, rolling hills and picturesque New England countryside. It’s a place where the shore, country and city come together to create a unique getaway destination to discover.

Mystic Country: Is an exciting and colorful destination blending the tranquility of classic New England seascapes and scenic rolling hills with rich cultural heritage and sophisticated, top-flight entertainment being home to the largest resort casino in the world, Foxwoods Resort Casino.

Litchfield Hills: The town of Litchfield is set amid the rolling Litchfield Hills, foothills of the Berkshire Mountains that provide a vibrantly colorful backdrop for autumn activities. Litchfield melds both history and cosmopolitan flair.

New Haven: The Greater New Haven area offers visitors an array of exciting arts and culture, wonderful accommodations, fine restaurants, shopping, meeting facilities, beaches, boat excursions and much more.

River Valley: Connecticut’s River Valley offers visitors big-city sophistication, along with the charms and splendors of the New England countryside: sparkling rivers and shoreline, centuries of history and culture, and an endless array of interesting sights to enjoy.

Nicknames: The Constitution State (informally, Nutmeg State or Land of Steady Habits)

Native American Name: Quinnehtukqut (Beside the Long Tidal River)

State Motto: Qui Transtulit Sustinet (He who transplanted still sustains)

State Gem: Garnet

State Flower: Mountain Laurel

State Tree: Charter Oak

State Bird: American Robin

State Animal: Sperm Whale

State Insect: Praying Mantis

State Shellfish: Eastern Oyster

State Fish: Shad

State Song: “Yankee Doodle”

State Ship: USS Nautilus (SSN571)

State Hero: Nathan Hale

State Heroine: Prudence Crandall

State Parks: 107, comprising 34,314 acres

State Forests: 32, comprising 170,636 acres

Length of Shoreline: 216 miles

Miles of Rivers & Streams: 9,700 miles

Number of Lakes & Ponds: Approx. 3,900

Principal Rivers: Connecticut, Housatonic, Thames, Naugatuck, Farmington

Highest Altitude: Mt. Frissell, Salisbury at 2,380 ft.

Geographic Center: East Berlin

Annual Precipitation: 42.85 inches

Number of Farms: Approx. 4,900

Air Service: 60 commercial and private airports, scheduled service from Bradley International in Windsor Locks, 15 miles north of Hartford; also from airports in New Haven, Groton/New London and Bridgeport.

Commercial Heliports: 8

Rail Service: AMTRAK’s Northeast Regional runs along the coast with links to New Haven and Hartford lines, and includes the AMTRAK Acela high-speed service; and Metro-North, with branches serving New Haven, New Canaan, Danbury and Waterbury

Interstates: Principal routes – I-84 (East and West), I-91(North and South), I-95 (East and West) and I-395 (North and South)

Principal Industries: Insurance (95 companies); manufacturing (jet engines, nuclear submarines, helicopters, plastics); tourism; electronics, high technology, pharmaceuticals and biotech

Universities: 42, including the University of Connecticut (8 campuses), Yale University, Wesleyan University, Trinity College and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy

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