October starts next week with a host of new laws that will go into effect on the first of the month.

These new laws run the gamut. Here’s a look at 13 of them:

Smoking Age Raised To 21

The smoking age will go from 18 to 21 in Connecticut. IT also requires online e-cigarette dealers to obtain a signature from a person who is 21 or older upon delivery. Penalties are also increasing for those who sell to those under 21.

Minimum Wage Increase

The minimum wage will rise from $10.10 to $11 come Oct. 1. It will then increase by $1 every year until it reaches $15 come June 1, 2023. Future increases will be tied to the federal employment cost index.

Gun Laws

Several gun safety and ghost gun laws will go into effect Oct. 1. The law will require safe storage of guns even when the yare unloaded and they know that a minor under the age of 18 could gain access without parental permission.

Pistols and revolvers will have to be kept in a locked trunk, safe or locked glove box when left unattended in a motor vehicle.

Come Oct. 1 people won’t be able to create or transfer what is commonly referred to as a “ghost gun,” which is the process of creating a firearm that doesn’t have a unique serial number. Those who create such guns will be required to get a unique identifier from the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection.

The law also bans the manufacture of firearms made from plastic that aren’t detectable through metal detectors.

Prepared Foods Tax

This one was a rollercoaster the past couple of weeks. In a nutshell, there will be a new one percent tax on top of the regular sales tax for prepared meals from restaurants and supermarkets.

The state Department of Revenue Services released a policy statement in early September that included taxes on many common supermarket items like bags of lettuce eight ounces and under, meal replacement bars and a whole assortment of items.

Legislative Republicans decried the law and demanded a special session to correct language. They weren’t in favor of the new one percent tax at any point, but said that Democrats should fix their own mistake.

DRS issued a new policy statement that limits the tax at supermarkets. Things like a hot grinder will be taxed, but a bag of lettuce won’t.

Digital Tax

Connecticut’s 6.35 percent sales tax will apply to digital purchases, including subscriptions such as Spotify.

Paying Spotify members were notified recently that they will be charged up to 96 cents extra per month depending on their selected plan.

Vehicle Theft Committed By Minors

Minors charged with stealing or misusing a vehicle can participate in a program to address conditions or behavior related to stealing. The charge can be dismissed upon successful use of the program along with complying with certain conditions.

The program can’t be used more than once and can’t be used for serious juvenile offenses.

The bill was passed in a bipartisan fashion with overwhelming support from legislative Democrats and Republicans.

Upskirting

The law clarifies what counts as “upskiriting” or the act of taking video or photos of someone’s private area by photographing under or around a person’s clothing. A person found “upskirting” can be subject to either a class D or class C felony.

PTSD Workers’ Compensation for Police Officers, Parole Officers and Firefighters

The above mentioned will be eligible to receive certain workers’ compensation benefits for post traumatic stress disorder causes by certain “qualifying events.” The qualifying events include seeing a dead minor’s body, witnessing a death or losing a vital body part through injury. The time period for workers’ compensation is 52 weeks and within four years of the qualifying event.

TRUST Act Updates

The updates to the law prevents law enforcement officers from detaining someone for immigration purposes unless a detainer is accompanied by a signed judicial warrant. It also limits when law enforcement officers can disclose confidential information to a federal immigration authority.

Transgender Panic Defense

The act prohibits people from claiming a transgender panic defense in justification of a crime, such as when someone makes a non forcible, but unwanted romantic or sexual advance or was in a dating relationship.

Transparent Sentencing Data

The new law will require data regarding prosecution and parole decisions to be collected and analyzed. The goal is to bring more transparency to things including parole decisions and criminal sentencings.

Changes In Opioid Laws

The law makes several changes to the opioid prescription process, including requiring practitioners who prescribe more than a 12-week supply to establish a treatment agreement or discuss a care plan with a patient.

Crumbling Foundations

Sellers of residences with crumbling foundations must disclose any information about issues to the potential buyer. The law also added a new supplemental loan program

Check out a full summary of Oct. 1 laws at the Connecticut General Assembly site.

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